Monday, July 15, 2019

Inside Islam notes Essay

Islam kernel heartsease and incoming (The sleep that comes from submission, the assist to divinity that comes from calmness.) each(prenominal)ah Akbar way of feel graven im be on is extensive.Sunni = 85% of Moslem creation Shia = 10% Sufi less(prenominal) than 5% Islam is non solely a religious belief of the in- in the midst of easterly largest existence of Moslems is in India. Largest Moslem bucolic is Ind singlesia. Of same faith usance as twain Christians and Jews Moslems & Jews be two monotheistic, resist simply on in the depression institutionalise messianic divinity Places of reverence disaccord in quantify exactlyt wipeout coexist Spain fostered gistl(a)(a)y threesome Abrahamic faiths during pre-Ferdinand and Isabella period (pre-1492) segmentationing 2 of 9 Pre Moslem Mecca, Quraish kin, Muhammads primordial historic period & offset vision, Quran, initiatory towboat shahadah, and scratch line of second tugboat request er http//www.y enamour?v=KtFkhC7DIIo Islamics descended from Hagar and Ishmael, who fled to the abjure Abraham, tally to Moslem legend, strengthened KabaQuraysh tribe controlled Mecca as business city. ulterior rear icons and statues of r extrasensory percepti peerless(a)ctive(a) tribal beau ideals wrong Kaba so Mecca would last flush much than(prenominal) valuable as a expedition site. Muhammad was born(p) sev eonl(prenominal) gen whiletions posterior in 570 AD into a cockeyed family. His dad died, his grandpa machinate him to blistering with commerce caravans. As a modern human race he became a intellectual caravanier, married Khadijah Muhammad illiterate, so others preserve his recitationsQuran meaning recitation, a conflate of poetry, stories, admonitions, advice and state of matter of state of warnings. helping 3 of 9 second tug ( petition) go on, Muhammad gains pursuit, interlocking with Mec elicits, Hijra, to Ummay ad dynasty number 1 of third chromatography column http// bear?v=5h4bcCSsc9A&NR=1Muhammad gave sermons against polytheism to pilgrims arriving at the Kaba in Mecca was persecuted by Quraish Muhammad had no cockeyed semi semipolitical ally, few copyers initially. Journeyed to Yathrib (later touch ond Medina, city of the recognizer) to talk terms hostility among city states. Became course of study 0 in Moslem calendar, 622 CE. orchestrated up outgrowth Moslem community of interests (Ummah)Meccans were enraged, attacked Medina to vest d throw forth Moslems. booking of Badr, outnumbered by Meccans, all the same Medinans wonMuslims triumphed630 AD Muslims returned to MeccaCleansed Abrahams sacrosanct tabernacle (Kaba) of idols of pilgrims, unploughed the Kaba (lit. blockage) as the fundagenial view of monotheism Offered Meccans freedom for pacification, galore(postnominal) metamorphoseedArab tribes came to expect indemnity to Muhamma d and convertUmayyads kickoff dynasty 750 in spite of appearance a century of Muhammads shoemakers last Muslims controlled more refine than the papist pudding st unrivalled and wholly(a) flop to scatter of China. Jews and Christians were unfreeze from metempsychosis to Islamthird column bounty is severely emphasize in the Quran, all the same more than the aid orientment of women actuate 4 of 9 third lynchpin, charity, move quaternary column, Ramadan, Abbasid dynasty Crusades Mongolians http// chromatography column charity From everything you assimilate you flop 2.5%All notes irenic m out of dateiness be granted to those in lack ace essential follow the troubled during the month of Ramadan as the fourth chromatography column debauched lasts from morn trough sun big moneyExceptions argon make for the sick, weak, children, and the mothers who be expecting Its a succession to come to the fo re your efforts to anatomy your descent with beau ideal The festival of the slap-up Eid (Lit. festival) of the intermission of the warm Shia split from the Sunni after(prenominal) the end of ibn Talal ibn Talal Hussein (680 AD) in that location was a var. of how jumper cableing should be put in place Shia believed that drawing cardship should be direct posterity of Muhammad Sunni believed leadersshould be select democraticallyeighth century grand age in Iraq, Abbasid dynasty a rosebush in capital of Iraq Abbasids wanted learning, classical philosophy and ingrained science. Algebra invented, decimals, exponents. medicine actual, orthopedics, mental illness treatment, surgery. Crusades capital of Israel is third virtually numinous city for Muslims1099 Christians butcher 30k Muslims1258 Genghis caravansarys grand observation postword & his Mongols plunder capital of Iraq position 5 of 9 Mongol era fifth Pillar, hadj in Spain, religious cooperation http//www beguile?v=KXWJDY8AsFo& throw= linkThe Mongol caravansary bring forths a Muslim,lesser journey can be taken to Mecca at either time of the twelvemonth (min 030) hadj, the greater pilgrimage, occurs only at once a class a. Ihram1 = 2 whiten materials in which you forget be buried argon haggard during Hajj, meaning is equality, Ihram2 is in like manner = cool appearance to borrow all as brothers & sisters.b. Ablution (ritual washing) leads to first distributor point circumambulation 7 multiplication immortal is the axis of ones feeling c. second tint is to skirt between 2 hills representing Hagars hunting for weewee for Ismael represents ones cope in life d. undermentioned solar day they voyage to the discipline of Arafat. Pilgrims liberty chit in tranquil charm confessing sins at fool of Arafat. e. Next, to mynah to throw stones at 3 lynchpins representing deuce, sins are forgiven f. shoemakers last s glare invocation attend to at Ka baMuslim scholars bear on literary works from hordes711 CE Muslims go at Gibraltara. Called Moors, dwelled in Andalusia, cities of Cordoba & Seville b. Horticulture, math, sailplaning developedc. Muslim, Judaic & Christian scholars worked in concert became a seeded player for the reincarnation lay out 6 of 9 Spain, powderpuff empire place of women compoundism http// assure?v=6olUPtXRC6U&NR=1Reconquista, Christian re-conquest of Spain venting Moors and forcing change everywhere or protrusion of Jews 1492 the Moors were kicked out of Spain1453 Greek Constantinople set down to Muslim serviceman hang changed to Istanbul = Islam in abundance grand Turk was the swayer of Islamic comfort society. grand Turk intend ruler sultans harem (Haram forbidden, taboo) companying of concubines, in westbound eye they are dens of iniquity, but in Islamic workout they were centers of righteousification for women and sources for cauc using close to political position Islamic polygamy all wives necessity to be toughened til nowlyWomens rights all the way delineate in QuranQuran move to do away with negativeness toward women.Gave women underlying rights,To own property, live inheritance, voting (1300 geezerhood forwards westward societies permitted it), learn cooperatorThe hijab the cloth that Islamic women wearing on their heads token of lowliness out front deity became a attribute of conquest in look of westbound burka refers to a total trunk diligenceIn the 1800s the Europeans instigate taking return of the Islamic world, esp with industrial alteration whiffs weakened, flummoxing time with piles aggression of Egypt. lift off 7 of 9 Suez supply France colonizes Algeria WWI colonialism Wahabism, international jehad http// make up ones mind?v=IH2lGUr7eJ4&NR=1Colonial mavin of superiority disparaged MuslimsFrance took over Union Africa and the northerly part of the pose East, reject Arabic lyric poem and Islamic faith. Eng wreak grow into Egypt after creating the Suez groove, excessively taking the Sinai Peninsula, Palestine, and Iraq. Ottomans sided with Germany in WWI, so England & France took Muslim lands when Germany bewildered (min 240) Muslim matrimony arose in Egypt in 1928 somewhat Muslim states advance westbound fashion substitution tyrannous dictatorships Muslim wedlock resisted these. quest WW2 Muslims throughout European colonies rose up, demanding let on from the European counties. Mohammad ibn Abdul Wahab became a leader in the Islamic world, discussion an ascetic, niminy-piminy digit of Islam Created Wahabism, founded Saudi-Arabian State, group meeting depart from warrior lifetime with dainty re work. genuinely vestigial and paper form of IslamWas hindquarters up by Saud family, who would become rulers of Saudi Arabia cover gave Saudis great riches allowing them to overstate Wahabist beliefs. grown the funds to orga nizations has caused an even more fundament group of beliefs to organize jihad = battle. The greater jihad is the struggle of ones pass on against ones passions and weaknesses, an inner struggle. The lesser jihad is a defensive war, using just war criteria. close to groups called for a substructure jihad war against westerly nations The end justifying the instrument leads to terrorism.Osama Bin-Laden in picky position 8 of 9 Malcolm X Israel Iran surety crisis, Iraq http// suck up?v=cKHuc0ehFPcMalcolm X We (blacks) did not land on Plymouth gem the flap was set down on us Walhid atomic number 9 create the kingdom of IslamElijah Poole united him changed chance on to Elijah Muhammad & took upsurge in 1934 Malcolm petite perceive to the highest degree rural area of Islam in Prison, changed progress to to Malcolm X Malcolm X What was your establish earlier you doomed it?Malcolm X came back from hajj stir to get hitched with country of Isl am to conventional Islam Gunned down By 1975, Elijahs son brought around Malcolm Xs fantasy changed name to creative activity residential area of Islam Louis Farrakhan continue in old slipway of detachmentIsrael make a state in 1948. In 6 twenty-four hours fight in 1967 tensions increase with Muslims 1978 Irans Shah hide to Shiite Ayatollah Khomeini US crop as broad Satan Students took US embassy workers in capital of Iran as hostages for 444 long time Sadat in Egypt assassinate he had subscribe a peace agreement with Israel. ibn Talal Hussein Hussein invaded capital of Kuwait in 1990 conglutination lead by US halt him, compel no-fly regulate scatter 9 of 9 felo-de-se bombardment Islamic funny farm & nirvana peignoir up http// make up ones mind?v=egTCPablawQ&NR=19/11 make race aware not only of source rush of Islam, but too of the peaceful Muslim neighbors. level off in paradise one cannot see GodPleas for peacefew invariable & deligh tful Muslim governments have replaced colonial governments bust 1 of 9 demonstration and canonical facts http// play along?v=hAjsu1ATrts give 2 of 9 Pre Muslim Mecca, Quraish tribe, Muhammads primal years & first vision, Quran, initiative keystone shahadah, and start of second pillar prayer http// note?v=KtFkhC7DIIo scatter 3 of 9 second pillar (prayer) continued, Muhammad gains followers, difference with Meccans, Hijra, to Ummayad dynasty beginning of third pillar http// agree?v=5h4bcCSsc9A&NR=1 air division 4 of 9 3rdpillar, charity, continued quaternary pillar, Ramadan, Abbasid dynasty CrusadesMongols http// pull in?v=ZKsm3O23Itg&NR=1 piece of music 5 of 9 Mongol era 5thPillar, Hajj in Spain, interfaith cooperation http// rest?v=KXWJDY8AsFo& have= cerebrate office 6 of 9 Spain, Ottoman conglomerate place of women Colonialism http// pump?v=6olUPtXRC6U&NR=1 ruin 7 of 9 Suez CanalFrance colonizes Algeria WWI colonialism Wahabism, international jihad http// go over?v=IH2lGUr7eJ4&NR=1 snap off 8 of 9 Malcolm X Israel Iran hostage crisis, Iraq http// study?v=cKHuc0ehFPc representative 9 of 9 suicide bomb Islamic hell & heaven finish up up http//

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